The Exodus, Moses and the Pharaohs
The Egyptian Sojourn of the Hebrews
A mural from a tomb in Bani Hassan depicting Asiatics with families and flocks.
By the time of the Exodus, the Hebrews who became known as the Israelites, had been living as servants and slaves in Egypt under Egyptian rule for more than three hundred years. The wealth and prestige of the Egyptian culture and society had been built upon and depended on this slave labor. According to Oahspe, for three hundred years prior to 1550 b.c.e., (the end of the cycle of Cpenta Armij and the beginning of the cycle of Bon), the northern and eastern kingdoms of Heleste and Pars'ie (a large expanse from the Mediteranean north, south and eastward to Persia) were driven to war by the false Gods Baal and Ashtaroth. And so, by 1550 b.c.e., there were millions of people from the east who had migrated into Egypt, among these were Faithists escaping the wars resulting from Baal and Ashtaroth's struggles to gain dominion and territory. Some biblical scholars attribute the Hyskos rule to Israelites, but the peace-seeking Israelites, did not come as warriors making themselves dominant in the territory they occupied, but rather they became preferred servitutde under the dominion of to the Egyptians where there was peace and order, to the being killed off in the upheavals of war in the North and Eastern Regions:
Oahspe, Bk of the Arc of Bon,
|| 27/14.20. For more than three hundred years, the God Baal and the Goddess Ashtaroth had driven the foreign kingdoms to war; and as a consequence of these wars the Faithists had fled into Egupt, and even accepted servitude rather than be slain elsewhere.||
The disruption of war and relocation of large numbers of Asiatics to the more peaceful regions of Egypt is also reflected in Egyptian art and culture of the Middle Kingdom, as evidenced in Egyptian art of that period, depicting Asiatics in peaceful travel with family and domestic goods, or Egyptian domestic scenes depicting Asiatics in service to the wealthy Egyptians. During the reign of Amenemhet III, near the end of the Middle Kingdom period, many Asiatic workers, including laborers, soldiers and craftsmen, came to Egypt.
In context with the Oahspe account, it can be seen that the military experience of the eastern warriors under Baal and Ashtaroth's inspiration with their horse drawn chariots and advanced weaponry, later adopted by the Egyptians, was not derived from the Hebrews, but from warrior Asiatics under the inspiration of Baal and Ashtaroth. The Eastern Delta regions of Egypt were a major point of interface with migrating Asiatics, where trade flourished and foreign technology was absorbed by the Egyptians. The power base of the Middle Kingdom was close to the Eastern Delta regions at Itjtawy (south of Memphis at the upper end of the delta), providing the Pharaoh with the advantage of tribute, trade and Asian innovative technology over the southern areas of Egypt.
According to conventional Egyptology, the rise of the Hyksos was supposed to have culminated in a century of Hyksos rule prior to 1550 b.c.e, The supposed fragmentation of the upper and lower kingdoms of Egypt into separate dynasties is believed to have been as a result of the growing numbers of Asiatics (Hyksos) gaining dominance in the delta regions. However, numerous scholars dispute this as a misrepresentation of the subordinate positions that Egyptians allowed Asiatics to take in provincial regions within the Egyptian Hegemony. Again, this is reflected in the power structures of the 12th Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nomarch (retrieved 4 Oct, 07)
||Nomarchs were the semi-feudal rulers of Ancient Egyptian provinces. Serving as provincial governors, they each held authority over one of the 42 nomes (Egyptian: sepat) into which the country was divided.....The position of the nomarch was at times hereditary, while at others nomarchs were appointed by the pharaoh. The balance of power between nomarchs and the central government varied from one pharaoh's rule to the next. Generally, when the national government was stronger, nomarchs were appointed governors. But when the central government was weaker at times of foreign invasion or civil war, for example, rulers of individual nomes would assert themselves and establish hereditary lines of succession.....||
||In the Middle Kingdom the Ancient Egyptians developed a new government where the pharaoh did not have total power over Egypt. The officials got their way. However, this did not mean that their civilization was weak or that the pharaohs did not have any power. In fact, strong pharaohs of the 12th dynasty had complete authority.....The Middle Kingdom was formed after a series of wars between the rulers of Upper Egypt (the South) and Lower Egypt (the North). The rulers of Upper Egypt won, and they reunified the country about 2000 BC, with the capital first at Thebes in the south, and then at a new city just south of Memphis. The Pharaohs of this period are not as powerful as before. They show themselves as taking care of their people, instead of as god-kings as in the Old Kingdom. They are the shepherds of the people now. The nomarchs (local officials) are powerful.|| Various sources of education material for schools.
The interface of the migrating Asiatics with Egyptians was controlled through laws which were designed to enslave those who would not adopt Egyptian religion, this in turn also affected many Faithists to adopt Egyptian ways, as per the Oahspe account:
Bk of the Arc of Bon
27/14.11. Among the Sun laws were the following, namely: The God of Gods (i.e., Osiris) decrees: Whoever does not bow down to me, shall not partake of me. Behold, mine is the sign of the circle! My enemies shall not receive great learning.
27/14.12. They shall not hold sun places (be employers), but be servants only, all their lives. And these signs shall reveal them:
27/14.13. If they do not worship me, but the Great Spirit;
27/14.14. If they deny that the Creator is in the image of a man;
27/14.15. If they circumcise; and will not serve as soldiers;
27/14.16. Then their possessions are forfeited already; nor shall they possess houses in their own names; nor send their children to the schools; for they shall be servants and the servants of servants forever. ||
27/14.17. Under the Eguptian laws, to worship the Great Spirit, Jehovih, was accounted a sufficient crime of idolatry, meaning the Israelites were not even admitted to the courts to be tried for an offense, but fell under the jurisdiction of the master for whom they labored, and his judgments were beyond appeal.
27/14.18. Now at the time of the birth of Moses, there were thirteen million inhabitants in Egupt; and of these, four million were Faithists (Israelites), more or less. For among the Israelites not all were of full faith, but many, to shirk the rigors of the Sun laws, professed to be worshippers of God (Osiris), and they would also enlist as soldiers, and otherwise connive in the ways of men, for sake of favors.
27/14.19. For which reason, the Sun King (Pharaoh1073) feared the time might come when the Israelites would revolt against the Sun laws, or become soldiers and confederate with foreign kingdoms for the overthrow of the Eguptian dynasty.||
This concurs with the historical evidence that not all the Hebrews who came to Egypt remained servants, but sought advancement within Egyptian culture and society. Moreover, not all Asiatics were Hebrew, Hyksos also translates as "Shepherd Kings". So there is an understandable blurring of historical definitions between Hebrew Faithist and Hyksos (which in this case refers to warrior Asiatics).
The upper regions (southern) of Egypt were firmly kept in submission to the Lower Regions (northern) in the Middle Kingdom before 250 years prior to 1550b.c.e. This earthly situation was the reflection of Osiris power in the lower heavens before the fragmentation of his dominions in the lower heavens which began about 250 years (1800 b.c.e.) before the end of the cycle of Cpenta Armij. At this point Osiris' kingdom became divided and several of his generals rebelled and took fragments for themselves. One interesting detail that confirms the name of one of these rebel generals is the name taken by the rulers of the 17th Dynasty. Tao I and Tao II both carry the name of Teo-Judas, who is named in Oahspe as one of Osiris' generals who seceded from Osiris kingdom, taking over the lower heavens above South Arabin'ya (South Egypt). Upon fragmentation, the southern region of Egypt, under the dominion of Teos-Judas in the lower heaven, probably began its own dynasty at least 100 years before the end of the cycle of Cpenta Armij. The inherited status granted to the nomarchs by Amenemhat II (who reigned around the same time that Osiris Kingdoms began to fragment, being ca 1700 b.c.e. to 1665 b.c.e. This date is amended by subtracting the additional 230 years of the 2nd Intermediate Period) reflects these divisions of power, which nevertheless, remained subject to the Pharaoh of Egypt as nome states, until sometime during the reign of Amenemhat III, when the nomarchs were disinherited.
Oahspe reveals that Nu-ghan (the Pharaoh at the time of the Exodus) was under the inspiration of Baal, indicating that by the time Ahmose I, as a prince of the southern nome region of Egypt centred in Thebes, succeeded to the Pharaonic throne of Egypt, Teos-Judas and others of Osiris generals who had rebelled had been replaced by Baal, usurping the remnants of Osiris Kingdom after Osiris and his co-horts lost their kingdoms near the the end of the Cpenta Armij cycle. The unification of the southern nome region of Upper Egypt with the Egyptian throne in Lower Egypt now appears to Egyptologists to be the work of Ahmose I, rather than a matter of Ahmose succeeding to the existing Pharaonic throne of Egypt and beginning a new dynasty, as there was no male heir to continue the 12th Dynasty.
All Oahspe references are from the Standard Edition Oahspe of 2007