Oahspe Study

           Origins of Life on Earth






Photo Courtesy of NASA/JPL-Caltech



Despite conflicting models of atheistic science and ancient supernatural tales of how life began on Earth, a clearer, truer picture of the origins of life is emerging, continually being affirmed as new discoveries broaden man's knowledge of this world and beyond.    




Back in the 19th century ~ scientists adopted the Darwinian theory of evolution combined with a kick start within some kind of primordial soup on the shores of a primitive planet --- somehow some of the molecules in such a soupy mass sprung to life!


Various similar "accidental, by chance minus a god/creator" explanations for the beginnings of life on earth accompanied a push within 19th century European scientific circles to dispense with the biblical "6 days of Creation by God" in favour of a more secular "scientific" rationalization of how life came to be on Earth.


Since then similar "rational" theories have joined the ranks of "scientific" ponderings by those "in the scientific know". Of course all other explanations that hint at religious, mythological, revelatory, visionary, or other "non-scientific" categories have been banished by dominant scientific and academic heavyweights to the pitying arms of social / cultural / mythical / pseudoscientific literature. Such bullish manoeuvres, however, have not lessened the intrinsic value or the truths that "non-scientific" explanations may have within them.



Unabashedly independent of dominant scientific/intellectual/religious paradigms, Oahspe put forth directly and clearly a credible, realistic, Creator-centered explanation of the origins of life. This pertained  not only to life on earth, but life on other corporeal worlds, encompassing both corporeal and spiritual aspects from the inception of a planet and its development, up to and including plant and animal life-forms, culminating in the species of man and then finally to the end of a corporeal world.


In its explanation, the light and clarity of Oahspe pierces through mythological, rationalist and "scientific" clouds to reveal a process of multi-world making and dissolution on a scale that makes the "4 billion year old earth" and "big bang" theories look like the simplistic imaginings of an infantile mind. And far beyond jaded myths of a supernatural 6 day creation, Oahspe reveals the hand of an all encompassing Creator/Great Spirit in a continual process of world making and soul harvesting through His Everpresence Everywhere! The hand of the Creator is manifested in evolved ethereal beings capable of being one with the Creator (Elohim). Their tasks include the development and life-seeding of corporeal planets as well as worlds far beyond the perception of mortal man. Such beings have long been known to mortals as Spirits, Angels, Lords and Gods.


Book of Lika: 26/3.7.


|| Ching Huen said: Behold the star-world, Esatas, in her se'muan age will cross the Roads of Veh-yuis in three years hence! Lika answered Ching Huen, saying: To cross these roads of light in her se'muan age would blight her power to bring forth animal life sufficient unto her wide continents. The trail must be filled with se'muan forests to preserve her gestative season. ||






In the Beginning ~ According to Oahspe, a planet (such as our earth) begins its first stage of life as a comet as it courses along the paths of a master vortex (such as the Sun's vortex). Its young elongated, pole-shaped vortex spins rapidly --- gathering and condensing sufficient corporeal material until it begins to form a more conical form (See Comets and their Vortices).


This infant world has accreted enough substance that a physical form has appeared in the center of its vortex and its axis is slanting more and more transverse to the solar vortex currents (solar wind). This stage of maturity means that such a new, partly-gaseous and partly-solid planet can now continue developing in its own orbital path within the larger master vortex. The furthermost gaseous giants in the solar system are in such primary development stages, exhibiting conical shaped vortices and axis that are still less transverse to the solar wind than those of the inner more solid planets.


But beyond our own solar system there are many more corporeal worlds throughout our galaxy and beyond. And according to Oahspe many are inhabited - as expounded in Oahspe --- but the possibility of inhabited worlds beyond earth has only recently been taken seriously by the scientific community at large thanks to improved telescopic imaging techniques and analysis of extra terrestrial fossils. Many "Exoplanets" with the possibility of supporting life are being discovered:


Wikipedia: An exoplanet or extrasolar planet is a planet that orbits a star other than the Sun. Nearly 2000 exoplanets have been discovered (1958 planets in 1241 planetary systems including 488 multiple planetary systems as of 24 September 2015).








Oahspe Image of Orian Field Map showing the Sun and Solar system travelling through Etherean Fields for a total distance of 9000 years. Notice there are at least four other solar systems on the same map at a distance of about 3000 years from our own solar system. This implies that other solar systems are not as far away as astronomers think. Apparently like the age of the earth, scientists have grossly over-estimated interstellar distances. Rather, distance is only a matter of how far our solar system travels in 2000 or 3000 years --- not "light years" away.




According to Oahspe, once a corporeal body suitable for sustaining life has cooled and conditions are ripe for seeding, its orbit will pass through an area of space that contains nebulous clouds of substance including "se'mu" - the "proto-seed" by which corporeal life will manifest once it rains down upon a planet in great numbers.



Book of Jehovih: 04/5.14


|| As a testimony to man, behold the earth was once a globe of liquid fire! Nor was there any seed thereon. But in due season I rained down se'mu on the earth; and by virtue of My presence I quickened into life all the living. Without seed I created the life that is in them. ||



Plate Caption for Earth in Se'mu:


|| Jehovih said: In the time of se'mu I brought the earth into a'ji, and ji'ay, and darkness was upon the face of the earth for the space of three thousand years; and yet for another three thousand years half darkness covered all the land and water. Behold, O man, as I have given to females a time to bring forth their young, so gave I to the earth a time for the conception of the living species on the land, in the water and in the air above, and I called the time the era of se'mu.


And it came to pass, when the earth was in the midst of Taza (Taya - See map below), there fell upon the earth, for a space equal to twelve days, condensed nebula in dust and stones and water combined, sufficient in some places to cover up the forests Jehovih had made.


And that which fell was hot like molten iron; and the trees and forests of the valleys were beaten down, and covered up, and burnt to blackness. Jehovih said: And these shall remain on the earth, for in the time that follows, man shall seek the coal, not knowing from where it came. And it will bear witness of the regions of a'ji and ji'ay in the firmament of heaven. ||






Oahspe image of Se'muan Firmament Caption: Jehovih said: Behold, I caused all the living creatures to gestate in darkness. And this shall be testimony to the end of the world, that, when I created life on the face of the earth, she traveled in My se'muan firmament.



Oahspe image of the Earth in Se'mu: Map of the Sun Phalanx travelling through various densities in Etherea. Earth's position shown in a vast cloud of a'ji and ji'ay and se'mu.




Within the scientific community such a scenario of falling substance and proto-seed from outer space, as described in Oahspe, was considered fanciful science fiction up until little more than a decade ago. Yet since then, because of the mounting data and evidence, the domino effect of approval among eminent scientists has transformed the idea of extra-terrestrial origins of life (or rather, the primitive seed or building blocks of life), known as Pan-spermia, into a respectable scientific hypothesis.



  Three Popular Variations of the Panspermia Hypothesis



|| Lithopanspermia (interstellar panspermia) --- impact-expelled rocks from a planet's surface serve as transfer vehicles for spreading biological material from one solar system to another.

Ballistic panspermia (interplanetary panspermia) --- impact-expelled rocks from a planet's surface serve as transfer vehicles for spreading biological material from one planet to another within the same solar system

Directed panspermia --- the intentional spreading of the seeds of life to other planets by an advanced extraterrestrial civilization, or the intentional spreading of the seeds of life from Earth to other planets by humans. ||





|| In August 1996 the reports by a NASA group of the possible detection of microfossils in a Martian meteorite (ALH84001) provided a watershed for panspermia. Investigations of panspermia were immediately elevated to the status of legitimate scientific inquiry. Many international scientific establishments that had turned their backs to panspermia and exobiology (life on other planets) were announcing intentions to step up support for research in these areas. Almost overnight it would appear that wheels started to turn and a paradigm shift was in sight....Astronomical Origins of Life: Steps Towards Panspermia by B Hoyle. ||






Growing Support for Panspermia Theory


|| Many scientists have pointed at the apparent suddenness of life appearing on Earth around 3.8 billion years ago at the same time conditions to support life became perfect.  Some scientists go further and say the entire Milky Way may be teeming with life.....


He [Professor Wickramasinghe] believes....fossilised remains of organisms in meteorites and tiny algae-like organisms living high up in the Earth's atmosphere....have been carried here by passing comets... organisms and molecules on comets travelling past planets could be deposited on that planet... Professor Wickramasignhe and his colleague Dr Milton Wainwright point to the remains of apparent microorganisms collected 16 miles (26km) up in the stratosphere by a high altitude balloon during the Perseid meteor shower in 2013.... Most recently, they found a strange tiny titanium metal orb about the same width of a human hair surrounded by an organic goo in their samples.


They have also studied meteorite material that contains structures which have been interpreted by some as fossilised microorganisms. However, the idea is also gathering some supporters from the more mainstream side of science. Only a few decades ago scientists considered the idea of alien life unlikely, but now NASA scientists believe it is only a matter of time before evidence of life is discovered elsewhere in our solar system. ||



Cometary Panspermia


Researchers claim that a meteorite which disintegrated and fell in Sri Lanka in December last year bears evidence of extra-terrestrial life. A joint research by scientists from UK and Sri Lanka led to discovery of fossilized algae in samples of a large meteorite, collected immediately after it disintegrated and fell in the village of Araganwila in Sri Lanka on 29 December 2012. They have concluded that data on "fossil" diatoms provide strong evidence to support the theory of cometary panspermia... ||




Images from a scanning electron microscope showing diatom (algae) fossils at high resolution from the Polonnaruwa/Araganwila Sri Lanka meteorite. Middle image is an enlargement of the left image.



Nakhla Meteorite


||...London's Natural History Museum, which holds several intact fragments of the [Nakhla] meteorite, allowed NASA researchers to break one open in 2006, providing fresh samples, relatively free from Earth-sourced contamination. These scientists found an abundance of complex carbonaceous material occupying dendritic pores and channels in the rock, resembling the effects of bacteria observed in rocks on Earth.... in 1999, various amino acids were isolated from the meteorite fragment at Johnson Space Center. Among them were aspartic acid, glutamic acid, glycine, alanines, and butyric acid. However, it is not clear whether they were originally from the meteorite or the product of terrestrial contamination.||



Shergotty Martian Meteorite


||....[Shergotty Meteorite] is composed mostly of pyroxene and is thought to have undergone preterrestrial aqueous alteration for several centuries. Certain features within its interior are suggestive of being remnants of biofilmmand their associated microbial communities. ||




Yamato 000593 Martian Meteorite


||....the second largest meteorite from Mars found on Earth. Studies suggest the Martian meteorite was formed about 1.3 billion years ago from a lava flow on Mars. An impact occurred on Mars about 12 million years ago and ejected the meteorite from the Martian surface into space. The meteorite landed on Earth in Antarctica about 50,000 years ago. The mass of the meteorite is 13.7 kg (30 lb) and has been found to contain evidence of past water alteration.


At a microscopic level, spheres are found in the meteorite that are rich in carbon compared to surrounding areas that lack such spheres. The carbon-rich spheres and the observed micro-tunnels may have been formed by biotic activity, according to NASA scientists....||






Micro-organisms and Algae fossils found in meteorites and upper atmosphere? In 1882 Oahspe described the appearance of se'mu in terms of mucilaginous, algae like substance and also described how it is formed in water through the action of the vortex (positive and negative currents)!



Book of Cosmogony and Prophecy, 38/4.18-20.


|| As previously stated, the vortexian currents are to the earth in the daylight; and from the earth in the night; although their force is toward the center of the earth (from the east) and toward the north pole afterward. The following result happens: For example, a pool of water is charged during the day with the positive current; during the night the negative current escapes upward from the water. The decomposition resulting from this is called se'mu (clear or green scum), a mucilaginous substance which floats on the surface of the water. In some days' time this se'mu, by motion (from some external cause), assumes certain defined shapes, crystalline, fibrous and otherwise, after the manner of strange configurations of frost on a window-pane. In some days after this, if the se'mu be examined with a lens it will be discovered that here are miniature trees, even forests, with vines and grasses. No seed was there.


This new property is called LIFE and because it exists everywhere it is called OMNIPRESENT. Man can account for the se'mu; for the positive and negative forces; for corpor and for ethe; but Life is unfathomable by man. The se'mu (clear or green scum) floats against the ground; its infinitesimal trees and vines and grasses take root and grow, and

live a season and die; but from the roots and seeds a larger growth succeeds. Thus all the world becomes inhabited over with living creatures. Nevertheless not one thing of all of them merges into another; but every one brings forth after its own kind.


Man inquires of the earth, the rocks, the air, and of all things: Who is this Life? This Omnipresent that quickens into life all the living? But none can answer him. Then man inquires of LIFE: "WHO ARE YOU O LIFE?" And the answer cometh to the soul of man: "I AM LIFE! I AM THE I AM! I AM THE EVER PRESENT! ALL THAT YOU SEE IN EARTH OR HEAVEN, AND EVEN IN THE UNSEEN WORLDS, ALSO, ARE MY VERY PERSON! I AM THE WHOLE!"  ||



Panspermia Theory


|| In the 1970's, evidence for traces of life was found by a spectroscopic analysis of the intervening dust surrounding starlight. The scientists who discovered this, Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickramasinghe, also theorized that comets could carry bacteria across galaxies while simultaneously protect them from sustainable damage. It is currently widely accepted by the scientific community that the cosmic dust of space contains a medley of elements and compounds that can very well form the basis of life.


Can life be created on Earth?


Louis Pasteur was perhaps the greatest biologist of the 19th century, and gained great recognition for his bottleneck flask experiments. He concluded, "There is no known circumstance in which it can be confirmed that microscopic beings came into the world without germs, without parents similar to themselves," and after his experiments, showed that plain air cannot propagate the growth of any microorganisms. Louis Pasteur, in simpler terms, concluded that life could only come from previous life.


Still today, Pasteur has not been proven wrong- the scientific community still has been unable to create any kind of simple life in a laboratory. This supports the theory of Panspermia in suggesting that life on Earth must have come from previous life....[Panspermia] can suggest that the development of life into greater forms is genetically coded - an idea which contrasts Darwinian theory.... [there is] plenty of evidence suggesting [panspermia] could have very well occurred. ||




Although Pasteur's experiments and other scientists that followed only proved they could not bring forth life, they did realize that life required life to begin. Yet faced with this fact they could not (and many still cannot), grasp the insight that they will never be able to find a beginning because there has to be the "First Parent". And that...my friends is in the realm beyond material scientific knowledge. For those who can perceive the possibility of eternity --- that "beginning and end" are only states of change, then the next step is to perceive that the original parent from whence the spark of life comes is also an eternal being with no conceivable beginning (and considering the state of the universe with no conceivable end). Yet life must live and continue to "spark" from instant to instant and this is in the realm of cause which must exist concurrent to any occurrence.


Take the example of the clockmaker who conceives of a spring that stores enough energy to move a pair of clock hands for a finite amount of time, The mechanism serves as a proxy for the clockmaker's intention to animate the clock hands at a specific rate for a specific time. Thus through myths such as the 6 days of creation, much of mankind imagined such a Clockmaking Creator/parent (in man's own image) who through supernatural means made man (in his own image). But today, given the evidence that life and world are not limited to our small planet, and the infinite immensity of our universe, we are ready to understand the "First Parent" our Maker in more mature terms.


While instructions for life-form can be found in living cells as genes, the genes are not their own animation. The spark of life, the consciousness that animates living plants and animals, and indeed that moves the seen and unseen worlds in harmonious order, does so by Presence. Our language itself uses terms that acknowledge our essence. Anima - soul. Animated - Moved by soul. Yes we are sparks of the Great Soul, the Soul of All connected to everyone and everything by invisible qualities that metaphysicists long pondered. We are children of the Everpresent, Living Creator! The First Parent!



Book of Jehovih: 04/5.14


|| As a testimony to man, behold the earth was once a globe of liquid fire! Nor was there any seed thereon. But in due season I rained down se'mu on the earth; and by virtue of My presence I quickened into life all the living. Without seed I created the life that is in them. ||






Nevertheless, even material scientists' partial realizations of "no life without a parent" caused even die hard evolutionists to reconsider Darwinian dogma in the light of evidence that species follow inherited genetics more than accidental mutations - and this requires a parent with the same genes which had to come from somewhere - thus again Oahspe is proving true in its explanation regarding the origin of species which only follows its own kind:




Book of Cosmogony and Prophecy: 38/5.7-13.


|| ......at times, a red, blue, or other color of light, will overspread the earth for periods of a thousand or more years without interruption. And in some cases, darkness can occur for as long a period. Whatever living things, such as herbs, trees, grasses, and so on, that were quickened into life during darkness, were without eyes. Nevertheless, in this day, even these things turn toward the light; as plants and flowers placed in a window will manifest.


Where se'mu was quickened into life in lighter times, it focalized toward the light, and this focus was called an eye. And those that were thus quickened into life, and not attached to the earth by fibers or roots, were called animals. And the Life they inherited, gave them power to go about from place to place....Hence the first organs of sense created in any animal were the eyes....


In the first quickening of eyes, they partook of the color of the vortexian lights at that time; and even so, at the same period of time, the skins of mortals were colored, and according to their surroundings, some light, some dark, and some red, or yellow, or copper‑colored.


And all of them propagated after their own kind, and do so to this day. And though the blacks might live for thousands of generations with themselves only, in any country in the world, they would never become whites. And the same rule applies to whites and browns, and all the races of man. But because they can mix, and because that mixture can propagate, all the races of man are one and the same in all their organs and capabilities. ||





While evidence that supports panspermia theory points to extraterrestrial origins of the germs of life, how it got into space or a comet or meteorite is still a mystery to researchers. Oahspe makes known that not only se'mu, but all corporeal substance exists in sublimated form in what appears to be empty space or partially condensed clouds of dusty gassy nebula, or fuzzy watery comets with popcorn textured centers. At an early age of a planet's vortex, condensed material regularly showered the earth as the planet travelled through regions thick with such matter.  Such showers have been identified in earth's geological record, and interestingly they do not follow a particular pattern as earlier scientific theories suggested.




Meteorites May Have Fostered Life on Earth


|| a ten-mile-wide asteroid that hit the Earth at the end of the Cretaceous Period 65 million years ago, has been linked to mass extinctions that wiped out Tyrannosaurus rex, the other dinosaurs without wings, and about half of all other species on Earth.  But 470 million years ago, that's not what happened. Instead, the diversity of life took a sharp climb right after the meteorites started falling.


Scientists say the discovery is quite unusual. Nature Geoscience's press release declares, "These results are surprising as meteorite impacts are often more commonly associated with mass extinctions."


But actually, aside from the Cretaceous impact, no other case for impact-triggered mass extinctions has strong support today. Earth has regularly been pummeled by meteorites -- mostly small, but in some cases huge. Many of them have had little effect on life, and some may have actually fostered it. The new study of the meteor shower 470 million years ago is important because it's part of a trend, not an exception to the rule....||



Prehistoric Mass Extinction


||....The Permian-Triassic extinction event about 250 million years ago was the deadliest: More than 90 percent of all species perished. Many scientists believe an asteroid or comet triggered the massive die-off, but, again, no crater has been found....


Starting about 360 million years ago, a drawn-out event eliminated about 70 percent of all marine species from Earth over a span of perhaps 20 million years. Pulses, each lasting 100,000 to 300,000 years, are noted within the larger lateDevonian extinction. Insects, plants, and the first proto-amphibians were on land by then, though the extinctions dealt landlubbers a severe setback....||




Book of Cosmogony and Prophecy: 38/8.3-5.


|| There is still another period to all corporeal worlds, luts. In the time of luts there falls on a planet condensed earthy substances, such as clay, stones, ashes, disseminated molten metals, and so on, in such great quantities that it can be compared to snowstorms, piling up corporeal substance on the earth in places to a depth of many feet, and in drifts up to hundreds of feet. || 



This heavy fast accretion of corporeal substance as just described in Oahspe is why modern geologists. who cannot imagine such a thing, instead imagine thick layers of sediment to be many millions of years older than they actually are. And despite reliance on radiocarbon dating to support other date estimation methods, even this technology is limited by man's interpretation of the data.


|| Luts was called uz by some ancient prophets, because it was a time of destruction. If luts followed soon after a se'muan period, when portions of the earth were covered with se'mu and rank vegetation, it charred them, penetrating and covering them up. Most of the coal‑beds and oil‑beds in the earth were made this way.


Luts belongs more to an early age of a planet, when its vortex is more extended, and when the nebulous clouds in its outer belt are subject to condensation, so as to rain down on the earth these corporeal showers. ||




Book of Jehovih 04/6.5-6.


|| ....As a farmer sows corn in one place, wheat in another, and flax in yet another---everything in a separate place; even so does Jehovih store the ingredients of which worlds are made---everything in its place: the substance of the iron in one place, the substance of the stones in another, the substance of the vegetable kingdom in another, and likewise for the substance of the animal kingdom, and the oils and sand; for He has places in the firmament of heaven for all of them. These that you saw are the ji'ay, the a'ji, and the nebulae; and amid them, in places, there is se'mu also. Let no man say: Over there is hydrogen only, and over here, oxygen only. The divisions of the substances of His creations are not as man would make them. All the elements are to be found not only in places close by, but in distant places also.


When the Father drives forth His worlds in the heavens, they gather a sufficiency of all things. And when a corporeal world is yet new and young it is carried forth not by random, but purposely, in the regions suited to it. Accordingly, as there is a time for se'mu; and a time for falling nebulae to bury deep the forests and se'muan beds, to provide coal and manure for a time afterward; so is there a time when the earth passes a region in the firmament when sand and oil are rained upon it, then covered up, and gases bound and sealed for the coming generations of men. ||





Researchers into the movement of dust within a plasma field (an electrically charged field) discovered interesting life-like behaviour --- the particles forming themselves into spiral forms that resemble DNA helixes. Are there similar processes occurring in plasma clouds of interstellar dust? And these electrically charged fields, are they not similar to the vortexyan charges that common water receives as postitive and negative currents of day and night that result in the se'muan green scum described in Oahspe? According to the following research it seems that scientists are confirming what Oahpse explained clearly and simply more than 120 years earlier.




Physicists Discover Inorganic Dust with Life-like Qualities


|| 'It might be life Jim...'[Star trek], Physicists discover inorganic dust with life-like qualities: 


Could extraterrestrial life be made of corkscrew-shaped particles of interstellar dust? Intriguing new evidence of life-like structures that form from inorganic substances in space are revealed today in the New Journal of Physics.


The findings hint at the possibility that life beyond earth may not necessarily use carbon-based molecules as its building blocks. They also point to a possible new explanation for the origin of life on earth.

Life on earth is organic. It is composed of organic molecules, which are simply the compounds of carbon, excluding carbonates and carbon dioxide. The idea that particles of inorganic dust may take on a life of their own is nothing short of alien, going beyond the silicon-based life forms favoured by some science fiction stories.

Now, an international team has discovered that under the right conditions, particles of inorganic dust can become organised into helical structures. These structures can then interact with each other in ways that are usually associated with organic compounds and life itself.

V.N. Tsytovich of the General Physics Institute, Russian Academy of Science, in Moscow, working with colleagues there and at the Max-Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics in Garching, Germany and the University of Sydney, Australia, has studied the behaviour of complex mixtures of inorganic materials in a plasma. Plasma is essentially the fourth state of matter beyond solid, liquid and gas, in which electrons are torn from atoms leaving behind a miasma of charged particles.

Until now, physicists assumed that there could be little organisation in such a cloud of particles. However, Tsytovich and his colleagues demonstrated, using a computer model of molecular dynamics, that particles in a plasma can undergo self-organization as electronic charges become separated and the plasma becomes polarized. This effect results in microscopic strands of solid particles that twist into corkscrew shapes, or helical structures. These helical strands are themselves electronically charged and are attracted to each other.

Quite bizarrely, not only do these helical strands interact in a counterintuitive way in which like can attract like, but they also undergo changes that are normally associated with biological molecules, such as DNA and proteins, say the researchers. They can, for instance, divide, or bifurcate, to form two copies of the original structure. These new structures can also interact to induce changes in their neighbours and they can even evolve into yet more structures as less stable ones break down, leaving behind only the fittest structures in the plasma.

So, could helical clusters formed from interstellar dust be somehow alive? "These complex, self-organized plasma structures exhibit all the necessary properties to qualify them as candidates for inorganic living matter," says Tsytovich, "they are autonomous, they reproduce and they evolve".

He adds that the plasma conditions needed to form these helical structures are common in outer space. However, plasmas can also form under more down to earth conditions such as the point of a lightning strike. The researchers hint that perhaps an inorganic form of life emerged on the primordial earth, which then acted as the template for the more familiar organic molecules we know today. ||




From down in the mud to up into the sky, man searches for his origins. As we have witnessed in the shifts in paradigms; the falling idols and reluctant demotion of sacred cows, man is moving forward into what can no longer be his final frontier, but just one more step on an everlasting journey of discovery.





All Oahspe references are from the Oahspe Standard Edition 2007









Microbes in Kosmon